An Overview of New Jersey’s Brownfields Redevelopment Incentive Program
New Jersey is rolling out a new tax incentive program for the redevelopment of underused, contaminated properties, known as “brownfield sites.” In fact, on January 7, 2021, Governor Phil Murphy signed into law the New Jersey Economic Recovery Act of 2020, P.L.2020, c.156 (the “Economic Recovery Act”), a broad piece of legislation that provides support for a variety of programs and policies related to jobs, small businesses, sustainable energy, and many other areas.
Reducing Long-Term Risk and Exposure to Environmental Liabilities
Despite the impact of COVID-19 on other areas of commercial real estate, the industrial sector continues to thrive as the e-commerce industry seeks properties for warehousing and logistics centers, especially in close proximity to New Jersey’s advantageously-placed ports and arterial highways that provide “last mile” delivery capabilities.
If the date May 7, 2021 has significance to you, it may mean that you have a site remediation case in New Jersey. For a large segment of these cases with contamination that pre-dates 1999, the deadline for Remedial Action to be complete is May 2021. (A site remediation case in New Jersey goes through several phases; the Remedial Action phase involves physical activities that remove, reduce, or contain the contamination at issue, such as excavation and off-site disposal or establishment of engineering and institutional controls.)
If a potentially responsible party settles its environmental liability with the State of New Jersey, or another state, might it still face liability in the future for costs incurred by the federal government? According to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, the answer may be “yes.”
The extraordinary events of 2020 have disturbed settled expectations in all areas of business and life, and the environmental field is no exception. One seemingly minor consequence of public health driven office closures—the difficulty of fulfilling public records requests while in-person government offices are shuttered—may have significant repercussions for the environmental liability faced by purchasers of real property in New Jersey.
Update: The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (the “NJDEP”) published a notice in the New Jersey Register on September 8, 2020 regarding the NJDEP approvals extended by the Permit Extension Act. Anyone seeking to extend one of these approvals must register their approval with the NJDEP by October 8, 2020. Please refer to the notice for the specific approvals eligible for extension. Click here for the notice.
Update: Governor Phil Murphy signed this legislation into law on September 18, 2020, and NJDEP began stakeholder meetings to discuss the implementing regulations earlier this fall. We expect that NJDEP will conduct a robust stakeholder process given the complex issues involved in implanting the legislation. Riker Danzig attorneys will be tracking this process closely.
In August 2018, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (“NJDEP”) declared that environmental enforcement was “back in business” and brought its first new litigation seeking natural resource damages (“NRD”) in ten years. Loyal readers of this blog will recall that we reported in 2019 on a trial court decision that dismissed the Department’s common law claims for NRD related to a former Hess oil refinery and terminal and discussed NJDEP’s pending appeal of the decision: “NJDEP’s Common Law Natural Resource Damage Claims Temporarily ‘Out of Business.’”
Recently, the Justice Department eliminated the use of supplemental environmental projects (“SEPs”) in United States Environmental Protection Agency (“USEPA”) settlements. SEPs, environmentally beneficial projects implemented by a regulated entity, are not required by law but have been used for years to allow an entity to lower its penalty for a violation of environmental law.
On April 6th, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (“NJDEP”) proposed major revisions to the existing Remediation Standards codified at N.J.A.C. 7:26D that may impact current, future and even closed site remediation cases.